SED 16 (ePDF) Characteristic Seismic Failures of Buildings

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Characteristic Seismic Failures of Buildings
Earthquakes can cause considerable fatalities, injuries and
financial loss. The forces of nature cannot be blamed, as the
problem lies with the structures in seismic regions that may not
have been designed or constructed to a sufficient degree to
resist earthquake actions or they may have design flaws. This
Structural Engineering Document (SED) concerns reinforced
concrete and masonry buildings together with geotechnical
aspects and presents in a concise and practical way the state
of the art of current understanding of building failures due to
earthquakes. It classifies the different types of seismic failure,
explains the reasons for each failure, describes good practices
to avoid such failures and also describes seismic retrofitting/
upgrading procedures for pre-earthquake strengthening and
post-earthquake repair and/or strengthening techniques for
deficient buildings. Carefully selected photographs and diagrams
illustrate the different failure types. This document could
be considered as quite unique, as this is the first time such
material concerning characteristic seismic failures of buildings
has been presented together in one single document. It
is intended to be a valuable educational reference textbook
aimed at all levels of experience of engineers. It provides
background information, ideas, guidance and reassurance to
engineers in earthquake regions faced with the task of building
a safer future for the public and to protect lives.

ISBN 978-3-85748-166-6


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Description

The document is a teamwork coordinated by Stephanos E. Dritsos, and material has been shared
between the authors. However, the proposal of each chapter was drafted by a leading author, in
the following chapter order: Jon Moseley (Chapter 1), Andreas Lampropoulos (Chapter 2), Eftychia
Apostolidi (Chapter 3), and Christos Giarlelis (Chapter 4).
This document concerns reinforced concrete buildings and masonry buildings. It attempts to
categorize the types of seismic failures, explain the reasons of each failure, and propose good
practices to avoid such a failure. Suggestions for pre-earthquake strengthening of weak structures
or elements together with post-earthquake retrofitting measures when damage has occurred are
also presented. This document is intended as a comprehensive educational reference textbook
to benefit the engineering society and our society as a whole community. In addition, it is aimed
at all classes of engineers from novice to expert, as well as students, and it could be a unique document
that may be of considerable benefit to the IABSE community and practicing civil and
structural engineers in general. It may have considerable impact in developing countries where
the infrastructure is still being built, because it addresses, among other things, non-engineered
construction practice. The document’s purpose is to give background information, stimulate
focus on the earthquake problem, extend knowledge concerning earthquakes, and to give ideas
and reassurance to those faced with the task of building a safer future for the public and to save
lives.