SED 16 (print) Characteristic Seismic Failures of Buildings

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Characteristic Seismic Failures of Buildings

Earthquakes can cause considerable fatalities, injuries and financial loss. The forces of nature cannot be blamed, as the problem lies with the structures in seismic regions that may not have been designed or constructed to a sufficient degree to resist earthquake actions or they may have design flaws. This Structural Engineering Document (SED) concerns reinforced concrete and masonry buildings together with geotechnical aspects and presents in a concise and practical way the state of the art of current understanding of building failures due to earthquakes. It classifies the different types of seismic failure, explains the reasons for each failure, describes good practices to avoid such failures and also describes seismic retrofitting/ upgrading procedures for pre-earthquake strengthening and post-earthquake repair and/or strengthening techniques for deficient buildings. Carefully selected photographs and diagrams illustrate the different failure types. This document could be considered as quite unique, as this is the first time such material concerning characteristic seismic failures of buildings has been presented together in one single document. It is intended to be a valuable educational reference textbook aimed at all levels of experience of engineers. It provides background information, ideas, guidance and reassurance to engineers in earthquake regions faced with the task of building a safer future for the public and to protect lives.

ISBN 978-3-85748-166-6

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The document is a teamwork coordinated by Stephanos E. Dritsos, and material has been shared between the authors. However, the proposal of each chapter was drafted by a leading author, in the following chapter order: Jon Moseley (Chapter 1), Andreas Lampropoulos (Chapter 2), Eftychia Apostolidi (Chapter 3), and Christos Giarlelis (Chapter 4).

This document concerns reinforced concrete buildings and masonry buildings. It attempts to categorize the types of seismic failures, explain the reasons of each failure, and propose good practices to avoid such a failure. Suggestions for pre-earthquake strengthening of weak structures or elements together with post-earthquake retrofitting measures when damage has occurred are also presented. This document is intended as a comprehensive educational reference textbook to benefit the engineering society and our society as a whole community. In addition, it is aimed at all classes of engineers from novice to expert, as well as students, and it could be a unique document that may be of considerable benefit to the IABSE community and practicing civil and structural engineers in general. It may have considerable impact in developing countries where the infrastructure is still being built, because it addresses, among other things, non-engineered construction practice. The document’s purpose is to give background information, stimulate focus on the earthquake problem, extend knowledge concerning earthquakes, and to give ideas and reassurance to those faced with the task of building a safer future for the public and to save lives.

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Weight 0.427 kg